A serious car accident can cause a wide range of significant injuries. Traumatic brain injury is often the most serious consequence of all, as it can have a lasting impact on your life in numerous ways.
It is important to receive immediate medical care after TBI, as timely treatment can potentially limit negative effects and facilitate a good recovery. From there, your doctors will develop a care plan based on your specific needs.
The Glasgow Coma Scale is a test medical staff use to determine the severity of the injuries. This test looks at things like responsiveness, reflexes, and states of consciousness. Staff also uses diagnostic imaging to closely inspect underlying damage. Because swelling can increase pressure within the skull, doctors also keep track of pressure using a probe.
Possible treatment options
Emergency medical personnel will apply immediate treatment to control swelling and prevent bleeding. They will also make sure the brain receives sufficient oxygen to stop long-term effects from occurring. Any secondary injuries will also receive treatment at this time.
Once the patient is stable, doctors can use a combination of treatments to facilitate recovery. Certain medications can bring down swelling within the skull or control other symptoms, such as seizures. If there are skull fractures, they may require repair to ensure stable healing. Surgery can also address blood clots and swelling in the brain.
Many patients also receive physical rehabilitation once their injuries are stable. Rehab can serve several purposes after TBI. It can help enhance muscle tissue to improve balance and coordination. It can also teach a person how to overcome limitations caused by their head injury.