New York City

New York City has over 8 million residents in it. This makes it the by far the most populous city in the United States. New York is enormous to the say the least. It is comprised of five different boroughs that each, if standing alone, would be a major American city. Along with this big city comes an enormous police force that is committed to enforcing the law as they see fit. John Buza is a New York criminal defense attorney whose firm is located in downtown Manhattan. He is dedicated to representing those who find themselves the target of an investigation or prosecution conducted by either state or federal authorities and practices criminal law throughout the five boroughs and nearby counties.

The Law Office of John Buza, PC, is located just steps away from the new Freedom Tower. John Buza is a former Manhattan prosecutor. He specializes in the defense of those accused of crimes on the state and federal level. He has appeared in the courthouses of Manhattan, Brooklyn, the Bronx, Queens, Staten Island, Westchester, Rockland, Albany, and so on. He also has extensive experience on the federal level as he has appeared in both the Southern District and the Eastern Districts of New York. He is an experienced New York criminal defense lawyer who has tried numerous cases to verdict and has achieved some truly remarkable outcomes for his clients.

New York city is unique in many respects. Aside from the culture, tourism, history, and sheer size of New York City, as well as the number of lawyers who live and work here, the city is also unique in how it is comprised. A typical state in America is comprised of multiple counties and the counties are then comprised of multiple cities, towns, or other forms of municipalities. New York City is however comprised in the opposite form. While New York State is comprised of a total of 62 counties, five of those counties make up New York City. The five counties that make New York City are the same as the city’s five boroughs. In fact, the Bronx and Queens have the same name when they are referred to as either a borough or a county (i.e. Bronx County and Queens County). The other three boroughs, though, when referred to as counties have different names. So Manhattan is “New York County,” Brooklyn is “Kings County,” and Staten Island is “Richmond County.” So rather than having a city in a county, New York has counties in its city. While this is an interesting tidbit for some, the fact that New York City is comprised of five separate counties has many implications from a criminal law standpoint that can make the work of a New York criminal defense lawyer complicated.

The significance of how New York is comprised stems from the fact that counties within the United States tend to be represented by one elected official who serves as that county’s District Attorney. That District Attorney is a lawyer who is in charge of prosecuting all crimes that take place in the county. Depending on the size of the county, the District Attorney may employ an office of Assistant District Attorneys who prosecute crime throughout the county. So while there are plenty of other big cities in the United States, they tend to be represented by a District Attorney who handles all crime in the county as a whole. So for example, Los Angeles, which is also both a county and a city, has one District Attorney even though the area is comprised of multiple other cities (e.g., L.A., Beverly Hills, Hollywood, etc). New York, by contrast, has five District Attorneys. These five District Attorneys each run their own offices that employ hundreds of people. These offices are independently run and are each in charge of their “territories.” While this may seem academic, the effect of having five District Attorneys has a big impact on the citizenry of New York. As a result, they keep New York criminal defense attorneys busy. To put it succinctly, allegations of illegal conduct can be investigated and prosecuted by multiple different offices. More prosecutors means more prosecutions. More prosecutions mean more mistakes. And more mistakes mean more innocent people go to jail. To further exacerbate the situation, New York City also has two United States Attorney Offices (the Southern District of New York, which includes Manhattan and the Bronx, and the Eastern District of New York, which includes Brooklyn, Queens, and Staten Island) and one Attorney General.

While being seemingly innocuous, the implications of having eight different offices (prosecutors for Manhattan, Brooklyn, Bronx, Queens, Staten Island, two federal prosecutors, and a state Attorney General) can be vast for the liberty of New York citizens. Prosecutors can be politically motivated and having eight different ones looking around for an opportunity to get their names in the newspapers can have serious ramifications for a person who is suspected of wrongdoing. Worse, it is not uncommon for a person to be re-prosecuted for the same conduct by multiple offices. For example, a person who pleads guilty to possessing a narcotic in Queens County may unwittingly be prosecuted again for the same conduct in the Eastern District of New York. This typically happens in the context of federal RICO and conspiracy indictments. It also happens frequently in Identity Theft investigations. The interplay between these different prosecuting officials makes having an experienced New York criminal defense lawyer all the more important.

It is therefore absolutely imperative that you contact John Buza. As an experienced criminal defense lawyer who is a former Manhattan prosecutor and who can help you navigate the complicated intricacies associated with being accused of wrongdoing in New York City and how different offices handle cross-jurisdictional issues, he can help those in need. You can reach him by calling 212-349-2200 or 917-589-0115 if the matter is an emergency.

The Law Office of John Buza, PC, specializes in criminal defense on the state and federal level. Both as a prosecutor and as a defense attorney, John Buza is a lawyer who has literally handled thousands of cases from inception through trial.